In order for data sharing to be purposeful and valuable, it must align with the concept of Data FAIRness, a set of principles that increase data Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reuse. These principles were originally developed by academia, industry, funding agencies, and publisher stakeholders (https://www.nature.com/articles/sdata201618) with the goal of enhancing the stewardship, use, and longevity of research data. However, the ultimate goal of these principles is to enhance data reusability. When you consider the time and effort involved in collecting data, it is easy to recognize the value and importance of making data more reusable, and leveraging its existence for additional, perhaps unanticipated purposes.
Data in this sense refers broadly to the actual research data collected, as well as the contextual information (e.g., code, tools, methods) that led to the data. Data sharing benefits, funder and publisher mandates, copyright licenses, and aspects of data planning, organization and storage covered elsewhere in this guide are all important toward improving the FAIRness of your research data.
Publisher/Journal Data Sharing Requirements
With the push from funders and mandates to make research more open, authors are encouraged to license and release their data to protect themselves and their work.
Three conditions that vary among types of licenses:
If you need more complex license requests/answers, please contact the office of technology transfer.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 516-367-8301
Public Copyright Licenses:
Creative Commons License - author-enabled license allowing for use and distribution of the work (not applicable to software). There are six permutations of creative commons license that an author can choose from that vary in:
This site from CreativeCommons.org provides more information to help you choose which license is appropriate for your research output.
Proprietary Licensing - Copyright holders license that is more restrictive and does now allow for modification or distribution, where the source code is usually undisclosed.
Open Source Licensing - License that goes through the Open Source Initiative that allows for software and source code to be freely available to be used, modified, and shared.
Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) consist of an assigned alphanumeric string that allows for identification as well as a persistent link to the DOI material. The DOI is specific to the source material and allows for the user to easily locate the specific item.