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Women's History Month: A Twitter Celebration, 2018

Celebrating #WomeninSTEM All Month Long

March, 2018 - #WomeninSTEM

In March of 2018, the Library's Twitter account (@CSHLLibrary) tweeted daily in honor of a different groundbreaking or trailblazing woman in various STEM fields.

Those tweets are assembled below, with links to the original tweets so you can see what others had to say and join in the conversation as well.

Tweets

March 1st

Cecilia Payne-Gaposhkin discovered the composition of stars, revealing Hydrogen as the most abundant element in the universe. Her thesis was called the "most brilliant PhD thesis ever written in astronomy," & Radcliffe College created astronomy dept to grant her PhD. #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 2nd

Peggy Whitson, a biochemist with a Ph.D. from Rice University, has spent 665 days in space-more than any other American and any other woman, worldwide. She was 1st woman to command the ISS (and did it twice), and holds the record for most spacewalks by a woman (10) #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 3rd

Mae Jemison, the 1st African American woman in space, attended Stanford at 16 for chemical engineering, became a doctor, AND served 2.5 years in the @PeaceCorps. As if that weren't enough, she also studied dance and was the first astronaut to appear in Star Trek. #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)


 

March 4th

Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space on June 16, 1963, making 48 orbits of Earth aboard Vostok 6. Originally a textile worker, the 26 year old Valentina was selected to be a cosmonaut in part due to her amateur parachuting hobby. #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 5th

Hélène Langevin-Joliot is a former nuclear physicist who studied nuclear structure, and serves on the French gov't advisory committee promoting #WomeninSTEM. She is also a descendant of 4 Nobel laureates – granddaughter of Marie & Pierre Curie, and daughter of the Joliot-Curies.

(Go to this tweet)

 

March 6th

Susan Lindquist held a biology PhD from Harvard, was Director of @WhiteheadInst, and served on the @CSHL Board of Trustees from 2002-2005. Through her groundbreaking work on protein folding, she was an early proponent of non-genetic inheritance through proteins @WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 7th

While a 23-year-old grad student in 1915, Alice Ball developed the first treatment for leprosy that was both successful and palatable, in less than a year. With degrees in pharmaceutical chemistry and pharmacy, she passed away at 24 before finishing her grad school. #Women in STEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 8th

Agnes Arber studied plant morphology and history&philosophy of botany. She was 1st female botanist (& only 3rd woman ever) elected to the Royal Soc, & 1st to get Linnean Society Gold Medal. After Newnham College closed its lab space for women, she made one at home. #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 9th

​Biruté Mary Galdikas @DrBirute has been studying, rehabilitating, and conserving habitats of orangutans on Borneo for over 40 yrs, the longest continuous mammal study ever. 1 of the 3 "Trimates", she founded the Orangutan Foundation International @OFIOffice in 1985. #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 10th

Biophysicist, inventor, solar power pioneer, & "Sun Queen" Maria Telkes held a PhD in physical chemistry & was a research assistant @MIT. She developed a solar-powered salt water distiller, an inexpensive solar oven, & the first solar home heating system, and more. #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 11th

Jewel Plummer Cobb earned a PhD in cell physiology from @NYU in 1950. She had a distinguished career in oncology, & as President of @CSUF was first African American woman to head a major university in western US. 1993 Lifetime Achievement Award from @theNASciences #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 12th

Today's #WomeninSTEM is biochemist-oncologist-artist-polyglot Maud Menten, PhD. You likely know her enzyme kinetics equations (co-authored with Michaelis). She was 1 of the 1st women in Canada to earn an MD. Developed azo dye histology staining & was a professor at @PittTweet

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 13th

Mathematician Sofia Kovalevskaya's 1st exposure to math was her nursery wallpaper–her dad's calculus notes! Self-taught trig @ 14 to understand optics, PhD from @uniGoettingen. 1st woman professor in Europe @Sotckholm_Uni after years unemployable bec. of her gender. #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 14th

Carol Greider @CWGreider discovered telomerase while a grad student w Elizabeth Blackburn @UCBerkeley. Came to @CSHL for postdoc & stayed as faculty, continuing telomerase research, now Prof @JohnsHopkins. Won @LaskerFDN, grant rejected same day she won @NobelPrize! #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the Tweet)


 

March 15th

Martha Chase, as a research assistant at age 24 right here @CSHL, was co-author of 1 of biology's most famous experiments. The Hershey-Chase Blender Experiment proved that DNA, not protein, was the genetic material. She later received a microbiology PhD from @USC #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 16th

Kono Yasui, botanist, cytologist, $more. 1st Japanese woman published in either a Japanese or foreign journal. PhD (from @UTokyo_News_en) on strength of her publications without enrolling - 1st Japanese woman science PhD. Founded journal Cytologia @japanmendel1984 #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 17th

Veronica Rodrigues, neuro/developmental/microbiologist, both in Nairobi & educated in Dublin and Mumbai. Offered permanent faculty position by @TIFRScience while still a grad student there. Pioneer of chemosensory bio in Drosophila olfaction and olfactory development #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 18th

Lynn Margulis, evolutionary biologist & scientific rebel, doggedly promoted Endosymbiosis (theory that certain organelles arose from captured bacteria). Though her paper was rejected 15 times, she persisted. PhD from @UCBerkeley, masters from @UWMadison & @UChicago #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 19th

Chemist Betty Harris recevied her BS at 19 from @SouthernU_BR, taught for a decade, then earned a PhD from @UNM. Created a field test for presence of TATB (explosive) while at @LosAlamosNatLab & worked with the Girl Scouts @girlscouts to develop a chemistrty badge #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 20th

Asima Chatterjee earned her doctorate in organic chemistry from @CalcuttaUniv, first remale D.SC from an Indian university. Founded dept of chemistry @ Lady Brabourne College. Phytomedicine pioneed searched for anti-malarials and anti-epileptics #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 21st

Janaki Ammal, botanist/ cytologist/ geneticist/ taxonomist/ phytogeographer/ ethnobotanist/ environmental activist, 1st Indian woman botanist, ~1st botany PhD to a woman in USA (from @UMich). Landmark pub "Chromosome Atlas of Cultivated Plants," and much more #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 22nd

Hilde Mangold, embryologist, upended developmental biology with her meticulous thesis work by uncovering embryonic induction & the region of embryos now known as the Spemann-Mangold Organizer. She died before seeing her work result in a 1935 Nobel Prize to Spemann #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 23rd

Chien-Shiung Wu, experimental & nuclear physicist, expert in beta decay. Worked on Manhattan Project. Her 'Wu experiment' disproved Law of Conservation of Parity, which won @NobelPrize for her collaborators but not her. Longstanding Professor @Colombia University #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 24th

Rosa Beddington was a groundbreaking English embryologist studying gastrulation and axial patterning. DPhil from Brasenose College in 1981. Demonstrated mammalian node = Spemann-Mangold Organizer, & foundational early contributions to embryonic stem cell manipulation #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)



 

March 26th

Stephanie Kwolek was a chemist at DuPont for over 40 years and a chemistry tutor. She invented Kevlar while looking for a more lightweight tire fiber. Also created the Nylon Rope Trick, in which you can create a nylon rope before your eyes by combining 2 solutions. #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 27th

Robin Wall Kimmerer is a botanist, plant ecologist, Distinguished Teaching Professor at @sunyesf, & member of Citizen Potawatomi Nation @c_p_n. She is a vocal proponent of Traditional Ecological Knowledge & increasing access to enviro-sci education for Native peoples #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 28th

Emmy Noether was a German mathematician who won wide acclaim for foundational contributions to algebra & theoretical physics. Despite PhD in 1907, worked for many years w/o title or pay, & could only teach as a man's assistant due to gender&religious discrimination. #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 29th

English chemist Martha Whiteley earned a D.Sc . 1902 from Royal College of Science. Pivotal in securing admission of women to the Chemical Society of London & raising awareness of female research chemists. Worked on development of Mustard Gas in WWI #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 30th

Gail Martin, developmental biologist. Mol. Bio. PhD in 1971 @UCBerkeley, professor emerita @UCSF. Developed method to culture pluripotent stem cells from tumors, then embryos. Coined term "embryonic stem cells." Showed importance of FGF signaling during development #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

 

March 31st

Marine conservation biologist Idelisa Bonnelly founded Institute for Marine Biology (CIBIMA) & Dominican Foundation for Marine Research (FUNDEMAR). Founded 1st institute to study bio in Dominican Republic & 1st humpback whale sanctuary,@UNESCO Marie Curie Medal #WomeninSTEM

(Go to the tweet)

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