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Guide to Open Access: History of the OA Movement

An Overview of Our Changing System of Scholarly Communication

Brief History of the OA Movement

The open access movement began in the 1990s, as access to the World Wide Web became widely available and online publishing became the norm. The forerunners of open access were open source and open courseware.

Citation Advantage of OA Articles

    There has been much discussion and analysis of whether open access affects the number of times a publication is cited. The following bibliography summarizes such studies, and provides links to the relevant publications:

    The effect of open access and downloads ('hits') on citation impact: a bibliography of studies (part of the Open Citation Project - Reference Linking and Citation Analysis for Open Archives)

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    Economics of Open Access

    Besides the effect of open access on citation impact, the economic and social impacts of open access have been analyzed:

    Income Models for Supporting Open Access (from SPARC)

    The Business Case for Open Access (from JISC)

    Economic and Social Impacts of Open Access (Easi-OA)

    AHA Statement on Scholarly Journal Publishing